Hungary is another landlocked nation in Europe renowned to the world for its architectural landmarks such as medieval castles and grand neoclassical buildings.
Hungary is also famous for having some of the world’s most beautiful resorts and towns. And in the heart of Budapest, you can discover some of the best shopping centers in the world. In addition, you can get a first-hand experience of the best things that the country has to offer: museums, art galleries, restaurants, recreation, and many more.
The country also houses mineral spas where tourists love rejuvenating their bodies.
The country lost 71% of its vicinity after its defeat in World War I. It signed the Treaty of Trianon in 1920, after which Hungary suffered a more significant loss. However, it gained independence from Soviet domination in 1990.
The country’s capital, Budapest, is a center of scientific, artistic, and scholarly institutions.
Slovakia borders Hungary to the north, whereas Ukraine borders the country to the northeast, Romania to the east, Croatia and Serbia’s Vojvodina region to the south, Slovenia to the southwest, and Austria to the west.
The great lowland expanses dominate the relief. The Little Alfold is situated in the northwest and is trimmed to the west by extending the eastern sub-Alps. This Little Alfold is parted from the Great Alfold by a low mountain system that extends across Hungary from southwest to northwest.
The country lies in the drainage basin of the Danube – the longest river in Hungary. This river floods twice a year- once in early spring and another in early summer.
Hungary has a few lakes, most of which are small. However, Lake Balaton is the largest freshwater lake in central Europe. Other lakes in the country are Neusiedler Lake and Lake Velence.
Hungary’s soil is dominated by Gray-brown podzolic soil and brown forest soils.
Hungary has a dry continental climate due to its location within the Carpathian Basin.
Summer seasons have temperatures rising to 43 degrees Celsius, whereas winters have -34 degrees Celsius. The average temperature of the country is 10 degrees Celsius.
The rate of rainfall ranges from 500-600 mm. Precipitation rises to 600-800 mm at a higher elevation.
Best time to visit Hungary
Spring and autumn are two great reasons to visit Hungary as the weather is fine and the tourist crowd is relatively less.
Summer months starting from June, which lasts till August, are the high season, so there will be large crowds.
Nature and Wildlife
Most of the natural vegetation of the country has been destroyed by human activities.
Half of the land is used for cultivation, whereas one-sixth of the land is used for nonagricultural purposes. Other areas constitute meadows, forests, woodlands, and rough pastures.
There are abundant beech trees in higher elevations. However, Oak woodlands and scrubby grasslands make up for the lands at lower elevations.
In terms of animals, you can find wild pigs and deer in the forests at higher elevations. The lowlands houses rodents, partridges, pheasants, and hares. The marsh waterfowl survives in nature reserves only.
Hungary has, however, a diverse marine life. In addition, it houses freshwater fishes such as pike, pike perch, and bream.